عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:

Conceptualizing corporate entrepreneurship strategy

ترجمه عنوان مقاله: مفهوم استراتژی کارآفرینی سازمانی

رشته: کارآفرینی

سال انتشار: 2017

تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 16 صفحه

منبع: Emerald

نوع فایل: pdf

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چکیده مقاله

Abstract Conceptualizing corporate entrepreneurship strategy

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to analyse the determinants of entrepreneurial activity in the Nordic countries over the period of years 2004-2013 to provide supportive material for the Nordic entrepreneurial policy makers with specific focus on the role of necessity/opportunity-driven entrepreneurship, administrative barriers and the research and development (R&D) sector.

Design/methodology/approach: Quantitative study employed panel regression analysis with fixed effects estimator to test the impact of determinants on entrepreneurial activity operationalized as a rate of registered business activity and as an established business ownership rate.

Findings: The results obtained for the both dependent variables did not substantially differ from each other or the supported hypothesis stating a positive relationship between unemployment rate, GDP per capita and entrepreneurial activity. Also a negative impact of administrative barriers was found. However, no statistically significant positive impact of the R&D sector was observed.

Practical implications: Nordic entrepreneurial policy makers should put more effort into the reduction of administrative barriers towards founding enterprises and support entrepreneurship during the times of higher unemployment rates. Further evaluation of Nordic R&D policies is strongly needed, since no positive impacts towards entrepreneurship were found.

Originality/value: The empirical analysis was conducted based on the research gap in the studies related to the Nordic entrepreneurial policies and perceived need for the policy recommendations that are provided.

Keywords: GDP, R&D sector, Barriers of entrepreneurship, Entrepreneurial activity, Nordic region, Unemployment rate

Type: Research paper

مقدمه مقاله

Introduction Conceptualizing corporate entrepreneurship strategy

Promoting entrepreneurship has recently become one of the key targets of the European Union ́s cohesion policy (European Commission, 2016) . Entrepreneurship is considered by researchers, public authorities and stakeholders  as a source of new job opportunities and  as  a  significant  determinant  of  economic  growth .  Positive  contributions  of entrepreneurship  towards  the  growth  of  a  country ́s Gross  Domestic  Product  (GDP) were  proven  by  previous  scholars  in  entrepreneurial  studies  (e.  g.  Thurik,  1995; Berkowitz and De Jong, 2005; Van Praag et al. , 2007, Polok et al. , 2016 or Acs et al ., 2016). Gartner (1985) stated that entrepreneurship  is a multi4dimensional phenomenon which  should  be  studied  from  different  perspectives   and  with  all  its  complexities.

The importance  of  studying  the  regional  differences   in  the  distribution  of enterprises  and  factors  that  lead  to  its  increase,  were  mention ed  also  by  Karlsson et al.  (1993). Different levels of analysis are usually being conducted, such as investigations on the micro (individual), meso (industry or region) or macro (country or group of countries) levels.  It is  therefore  relevant  to  study  which  factors  contribute  to  the  growth  of entrepreneurship,  because  these  factors  may  vary  over  time  and  across  countries  (Koellinger and Thurik, 2012). The recent contribut ions investigating the determinants of entrepreneurship on the country or regional leve l (e. g. Carbonara et al. , 2016; Cueto et  al. ,  2015  or Dvouletý  and  Mareš  2016a;  2016b)  illustra te  that  the  topic  of determinants of entrepreneurship is still not fully  explored and requires further research attention.

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