عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:

Transformational leadership and childrens’ aggression in team settings: A short-term longitudinal study

ترجمه عنوان مقاله: رهبری تحول گرا و پرخاشگری افراد تیم: یک مطالعه کوتاه مدت

رشته: مدیریت رفتار سازمانی، مدیریت منابع انسانی

سال انتشار: 2010

تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 11 صفحه

منبع: الزویر و ساینس دایرکت

نوع فایل: pdf

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چکیده انگلیسی مقاله

Abstract Transformational leadership and childrens’ aggression in team settings: A short-term longitudinal study

Social learning theory posits that one crucial way individuals learn how to behave is by observing and modeling the behavior of salient others. We conducted a short-term longitudinal study using multisource data on 183 teenaged ice hockey players (M age=13.39 years) in 16 hockey teams to test the effects of 3 potentially salient leadership influences (team coaches, team players, and parents) on players’ on-ice aggression. We tested a cross-level mediated model in which player aggression (penalty minutes) as measured by referees was the criterion variable. After controlling for prior levels of player aggression, team-level aggression mediated the relationship between team-level coach transformational leadership and player aggression. Parents’ transformational leadership did not influence player aggression when assessed simultaneously with team-level coach transformational leadership. Consistent with social learning theory, the findings suggest that transformational leaders model prosocial behavior for followers.

Keywords: Aggression, Hockey, Social learning theory, Transformational leadership

مقدمه انگلیسی مقاله

How do role models such as leaders in organized settings influence others to “do good”? This question is of theoretical and practical importance in understanding the social determinants of interpersonal aggression in a variety of settings, including school (e.g., Espelage, Holt, & Henkel, 2003), sports (e.g., Loughead & Leith, 2001), the home (e.g., Brezina, 1999), and the workplace (e.g., Robinson & O’Leary-Kelly, 1998). For decades, researchers have acknowledged that aggressive behavior can be learned from multiple sources simultaneously (Bandura, 1973; Kiesner & Kerr, 2004).

In the current study, we investigated the extent to which the transformational leadership behaviors of amateur ice hockey coaches and players’ parents exerted effects on player on-ice aggression, and the extent to which the effects of coaches’ transformational leadership was mediated by the aggression exhibited by the team. Organized ice hockey is a particularly useful setting for studying the influence of different role models on aggression because of the diverse social influences across teams, the relatively high base rate of physical aggression, and the availability of reliable, other-source data of players’ aggression.

The present study builds upon prior research on leadership and aggression in three important ways. First, there are currently no studies investigating aggression at the individual level of analysis while accounting for theoretically relevant group-level predictors. Past studies have focused on either individual- or group-level outcomes (Brown & Treviño, 2006a). Second, this study achieves greater ecological validity than studies that concentrate on a single social influence as it tests multiple influences on aggression. Third, this study uses a prospective design that systematically permits statistical control of prior levels of aggression. These conceptual and methodological strengths permit a robust test of multiple leadership influences on aggression.

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