عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:

Determinants of Technological Capability of Firms in a Developing Country

ترجمه عنوان مقاله: عوامل موثر بر قابلیت فناورانه شرکت ها در کشور های در حال توسعه

رشته: فناوری اطلاعات

سال انتشار: 2011

تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 6 صفحه

منبع: الزویر و ساینس دایرکت

نوع فایل: pdf

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چکیده انگلیسی مقاله

This paper examined the factors associated with the accumulation of technological capability among metalworking firms in Nigeria. A questionnaire was administered to 200 firms, of which 133 (66.5%) responded. Data were gathered on internal and external factors which are believed to influence capability build-up in the firms. The empirical evidence suggests that prior work experience of the entrepreneur, in-house training of technical staff and networking with the industry association had significant and positive influence on the accumulation of firm-level technological capability. Collaboration between the firms and research institutes was found to be weak. We conclude that firm-specific assets such as entrepreneurs’ training and experience as well as in-house training are highly important for the build-up of technological capability in developing country firms. The relative importance of interaction through the industry association casts some doubt on the relevance of university-industry interactions for these firms.
Keywords: Technological capability; Technology-based; Developing countries; Metal fabrication; Micro, small and medium

مقدمه انگلیسی مقاله

In addressing the slow industrial progress in African countries, various policies have been adopted. One of such policies is International Technology Transfer which is regarded as one of the factors responsible for the success of the newly industrialized countries (NICs) of East and South-East Asia [1]. Technology transfer is one of the

motivations for the reliance of African governments on industrialized nations and the NICs for technological support to develop the domestic economy. Imported technologies enhance domestic competencies through diffusion of know-how, skills development as well as employment growth [2]. Studies on development activities among the NICs and some countries in Africa show that the pattern and the level of technological capabilities among these two economic blocs are significantly different [3,4]. Therefore, an important question is whether it is more appropriate for developing countries to continue depending on foreign direct investment (FDI) before acquiring considerable amount of national technological capabilities needed to understand and assimilate the advanced knowledge into their economy; or to acquire the latter before attracting FDI in a way similar to the NICs from Asia [5]. National technological capability has been described as the collection of firms’ individual specific efforts and strategies needed to choose, install, operate, maintain, understand, adapt, improve and develop technologies [6]. According to Lall [3], these strategies consist of firms’ skills and knowledge, equipment as well as various linkages available within the National Innovation System (NIS).

At the firm level, technological capabilities facilitate innovation which, in turn, drives productivity growth. Consequently, for a nation to improve its competitiveness or experience improved productivity and economic growth, it needs to pay attention to the accumulation of technological capability by firms. In developing countries, industry reports have continued to show that there are some innovations among the micro-, small- and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs) which, collectively, signal the presence of some level of capabilities. For our purposes, firms were categorized as micro-, small- or medium-sized if they respectively employed 1-9, 10-49 and 50-199 people at the time of this study. MSMEs are important to the economy of most developing countries in terms of growth, productivity, technological competitiveness and employment generation. For instance, micro, small and medium firms in Nigeria account for about 90% of business activities and also contribute about 60-70% of employment in the private sector [7]. But the evidence is still thin on the factors influencing the accumulation of technological capabilities among these firms, particularly in Nigeria. Therefore, the objective of this paper is to examine the factors influencing the technological capability of MSMEs in Nigeria. For its relevance across most industrial activities, we have chosen to focus on the metalworking sector.

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