عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:

The influence of creative mindsets on achievement goals,enjoyment, creative self-efficacy and performance amongbusiness students

ترجمه عنوان مقاله: تاثیر ذهنیت خلاق در پیشرفت اهداف، لذت بردن، خودکارآمدی خلاق و عملکرد در میان کسب و کار دانش آموزان

رشته: مدیریت آموزشی

سال انتشار: 2016

تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 13 صفحه

منبع: الزویر و ساینس دایرکت

نوع فایل: pdf

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چکیده مقاله

Learning about the “creative process” helps students as they undertake creative activitieswithin a discipline. Instruction about how to create may involve a variety of pedagogicalapproaches across disciplines. Our study documents how college students learn about cre-ative process through a study of their reported course experiences. We surveyed over 450university students in nineteen different courses across five different disciplines: the Arts,Education, Engineering, Humanities, and Social Sciences. We focused on students’ percep-tions of their educational experiences, the perceived contributions of specific pedagogicalcomponents, and their assessment of the course’s impact on their own creative develop-ment. We performed both quantitative and qualitative analyses of the students’ reports.The main finding was a high degree of commonality in students’ perceptions of effectivelearning experiences across disciplines. Common themes included open-ended projects,practice on exercises, and instructor feedback. Analyses revealed a greater perceived impactof instruction in the humanities, social sciences, and the arts compared to engineering andeducation. The results of the study document the qualities of learning experiences in univer-sity classrooms during creative process instruction. Suggested improvements of pedagogyinclude building a repertoire of successful works within a field, and self-reflection aboutthe creative process.

Keywords: Creativity Creative, process College, course sHigher, education Instruction

مقدمه مقاله

IntroductionCreative thinking is an “essential learning outcome” for a college education (National Leadership Council for LiberalEducation and America’s Promise, 2007, p. 12). This agenda includes the traditional “creative” disciplines – arts and human-ities − along with the natural and social sciences (Wince-Smith, 2006). In professional schools, including business (HarvardBusiness School Press, 2003; Kirby, 2004) and engineering (ABET Board of Directors, 2011), creative thinking is now viewedas critical in confronting the diverse challenges of society. Educators and policymakers worldwide have called for moreopportunities in the classroom for students to develop their creative abilities; for example, recent Asian educational reforms“infuse” creative elements into regular classrooms, resulting in improvements in students’ attitudes, conceptions, abilitiesand behaviors in creative development (Cheng, 2011). However, United States educational systems have been relativelyslow to adopt these initiatives in schools (Beghetto, 2010).

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