عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:

Critical thinking, questioning and creativity as components of intelligence

ترجمه عنوان مقاله: تفکر انتقادی، پرسشگری و خلاقیت به عنوان مولفه های هوش

رشته: مدیریت

سال انتشار: 2011

تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 3 صفحه

منبع: الزویر و ساینس دایرکت

نوع فایل: pdf

http://modir123.com/photo%20site/D-modir123.com%20_2_.png دانلود اصل مقاله

 

چکیده مقاله

For a long time, intelligence has been viewed as a fixed trait and solely connected to analytical skills and memory-based capacities. However, in our fragile, uncertain and unknowable world, this kind of abilities does not necessarily promotes success in life and, more specifically, in university. With this paper, we aim to present a project whose objective is to throw light to a modern notion of intelligence. We will show how intelligence can be characterised by an integrated set of high order cognitive skills: critical thinking, questioning and creativity. We propose to design innovative instruments to characterise and assess this contemporary notion of intelligence. Furthermore, since these skills are modifiable, rather than fixed, we will design, implement and evaluate strategies to promote higher level questioning, critical thinking and creativity in university students, and, ultimately, enhance intelligence.

Keywords: Intelligence, creativity, questioning, critical thinking

مقدمه مقاله

Intelligence is the incorporated group of abilities needed to attain success in life within each individual’s context. People are intelligent by recognising their strengths and making the most of them while at the same time recognising their weaknesses and finding ways to improve or compensate them. Intelligent people manifest their skills by adapting to, shaping and selecting environments through a balance in their use of different kinds of abilities. Students and teachers alike employ intelligence every day, inside and outside the classroom. In doing so, they go well beyond the conventional definition of intelligence. According to Sternberg, Jarvin and Grigorenko (2009), the abilities that make up intelligence are analytical, creative, and practical. Our recent research, developed in higher education (Almeida, Pedrosa de Jesus & Watts, 2011; Almeida, TeixeiraDias & Medina, 2010a; Almeida, TeixeiraDias & Medina, 2010b), has shown that analytical, creative and practical abilities are directly related to questioning, critical thinking and creativity. So, we argue that intelligence is characterised by the integrated set of these high order cognitive skills: critical thinking, questioning, and creativity.

دریافت ترجمه مقاله

مطالب مرتبط