عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:

Privatization and corporate entrepreneurship in telecommunication companies

ترجمه عنوان مقاله: خصوصی سازی و کارآفرینی سازمانی در شرکت های مخابراتی

رشته: کارآفرینی

سال انتشار: 2017

تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 22 صفحه

منبع: Emerald

نوع فایل: pdf

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چکیده مقاله

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effect of privatization on corporate entrepreneurship in Telecommunication Company of Iran (TCI). The study examines the five dimensions of entrepreneurial orientation including innovativeness, risk taking, proactiveness, competitive aggressiveness and autonomy, before and after privatization.

Design/methodology/approach: Using a “descriptive-survey” method, the required data were collected from a sample of 32 senior and middle managers with over ten years of management and work experience, who were project team members for business transformation working in TCI before and after privatization.

Findings: The results show that after privatization, the company acts more entrepreneurially. The most considerable dimension is its aggressive competition through entering competitive markets and increasing risk taking to develop new services, products and processes.

Originality/value: Although many studies have been performed on privatization and entrepreneurship in the past, to the best of the authors’ knowledge, the effect of privatization on every dimension of entrepreneurial orientation has not been investigated in a large company.

Keywords: Entrepreneurial orientation, Privatization, Telecommunication companies

Type: Research paper

مقدمه مقاله

The Globalization Agreement Trade services called GATS made a revolution in the industry of Telecommunication via a new approach of controlling the global market and helping the privatization and liberalization of Telecommunication markets. Then, the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) led the Telecommunication Companies in different countries towards privatization, liberalization the markets and attracting foreign investment.

In Iran, Article 44 concerning privatization was enforced so that it could limit the scope of government, create a competitive environment, decrease costs, and increase the productivity and the quality of services. To reach these goals, Telecommunication Company of Iran (TCI) comprising its 32 provincial sub-branches was privatized, in 2009. Various studies have been done about the effects of privatization in telecommunication companies (Ros, 1999; Wallsten, 2001; Scalera, 2012; Karamanis et al., 2015). According to a report byTelecommunication Company of Iran on the effects of privatization, several countries have benefited in recent years. Malaysia created eighteen regulation-modifying companies to regulate the ties between customers and its private sector. It has been known as a successful example in privatization. England has gained several million dollars by privatizing all its telecommunication companies. Brazil profited several million dollars by changing the structure of its telecommunication companies in a gradual trend. In a report by International Telecommunication Union (2014) the overall examination of TCI performance and its ranking among Asian countries indicates the improvement of its performance after privatization.

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