عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:

Capturing Absorptive Capacity: Concepts, Determinants, Measurement Modes and Role in Open Innovation

ترجمه عنوان مقاله: گرفتن ظرفیت اتخاذی: مفاهیم، موارد تعیین کننده، ارزیابی شیوه ها و نقش در نوآوری آزاد

رشته: مدیریت استراتژیک

سال انتشار: 2015

تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 25 صفحه

منبع: الزویر و ساینس دایرکت

نوع فایل: pdf

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چکیده مقاله

Absorptive capacity (ACAP) enables firm to adjust to a rapidly changing environment and achieve sustained competitive advantage. This study contributes to the existing body of knowledge on ACAP by providing a comprehensive literature review of the various conceptual attributes of the construct, its determinants, outcomes, and positive and negative consequences of using its input-oriented, output-oriented, and perceptive measurement modes. Proposals for constructing ACAP based on the Community Innovation Survey (CIS) empirically illustrate for the conceptual part of the paper. Additionally, combining concepts of absorptive capacity and open innovation (which is still rare in the literature) provides a new perspective on the role of absorptive capacity in opening up the innovation process. This advances the understanding of both inter-related proposals. The article also identifies key problems and formulates future research directions to improve the multi-level characteristics of absorptive capacity.

Keywords: knowledge absorption, capability, open innovation

مقدمه مقاله

In this theoretical paper, the notion of absorptive capacity (ACAP), its determinants, outcomes, measurement modes, and role in open innovation are presented. To increase their competitive potential in the current environment, firms have to open up their processes and apply knowledge from outside sources. An important factor that influences the ability to acquire this knowledge is absorptive capacity, defined as “the ability of a firm to recognize the value of new external information, assimilate it and apply it to commercial ends” [Cohen, Levinthal, 1990, p. 128].

Literature concerning what absorptive capacity is, and its basic characteristics (e.g., components, determinants, measurement modes, and outcomes) is extremely varied. Moreover, many empirical researchers use R&D intensity as an indicator for absorptive capacity, assuming that higher levels of R&D investments directly improves a firm’s ability to exploit external knowledge, which is not always the case, especially in low technology industries or among small and medium-sized enterprises.

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