عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:

Regional innovation system, absorptive capacity and innovation performance: An empirical study

ترجمه عنوان مقاله: نظام نوآوری منطقه ای، ظرفیت جذب و عملکرد نوآوری: پژوهش تجربی

رشته: منابع انسانی،رفتار سازمانی

سال انتشار: 2015

تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 16 صفحه

منبع: الزویر و ساینس دایرکت

نوع فایل: pdf

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چکیده مقاله

Abstract Regional innovation system, absorptive capacity and innovation performance

Recent studies have separately investigated the importance of regional innovation systems (RISs) and absorptive capacity (AC) to innovation performance. This study explores their interdependency on the premise that better utilization of RIS enhances innovation performance because the RIS enhances the absorptive capacity of the firm. In this study, we cover three typical elements of RIS: regional innovation initiatives (RII), knowledge-intensive business services (KIBSs) and value chain information sources. This study explores the relationships of these elements on the acquisition, assimilation, transformation and exploitation learning processes of absorptive capacity.

Data were obtained through a mailed survey using a self-administered questionnaire. The results show that RII, KIBS and value chain information sources affect a firms absorptive capacity, leading to better innovation performance. Specifically, KIBS improves the acquisition process, value chain information sources improve the acquisition and assimilation processes, and RII improve the transformation process. This study contributes to the literature by exploring how a firm interacts with RIS by utilizing various RIS initiatives to enhance the firms absorptive capacity and innovation performance. It also increases our understanding of how AC learning processes relate to RIS and innovation performance.

Keywords: Regional innovation system, Absorptive capacity, Empirical study, China

مقدمه مقاله

Knowledge is the center of the creation andmaintenance of innovation, which plays a critical role in predicting the longterm survival of firms and in sustaining a region’s economic development (OECD, 2010; Porter, 1990). Knowledge and technology are the key drivers of competitive advantage at national, regional and firm levels (Grant, 1996). To create such knowledge, regional innovation system (RIS) literature suggests that regional actors in science and technology and regional innovation policies play critical roles in creating appropriate contexts for knowledge creation and transfer (Huggins and Kitagawa, 2011; Delgado et al., 2010; Cooke et al., 2004; OECD, 2007).

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