عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:

Inequalities in social capital and their longitudinal effects on the labour market entry

ترجمه عنوان مقاله: نابرابری های سرمایه اجتماعی و آثار طولی آن بر ورود به بازار کار

رشته: کارآفرینی

سال انتشار: 2015

تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 11 صفحه

منبع: الزویر و ساینس دایرکت

نوع فایل: pdf

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چکیده مقاله

Abstract Inequalities in social capital and their longitudinal effects on the labour market entry

This study investigates socio-economic and ethnic inequalities in social capital and their effects on the process of the labour market entry. We use longitudinal data about the transition from school to work of lower- and middle educated young people in Belgium. Social capital is measured with three robust position generator measures. In line with previous studies, there are substantial socioeconomic and ethnic inequalities in the access to social capital. Ethnic differences in social capital are, however, due to the socio-economic deprivation of ethnic minority groups in Belgium.

Among the specific population of lower- and middle educated youth, knowing more people from the working class leads to a higher likelihood of entering the labour market versus continuing in education, whereas knowing more people from the higher service class results in a lower likelihood of entering the labour market.

Especially the resources of strong ties such as relatives and friends are important for these decisions. In addition, once entered the labour market, social capital has an impact on the likelihood of getting a job. Lowerand middle educated labour market entrants who know more people from the working class are more likely to find work, whereas knowing people from the lower service class decreases the job chances. However, there is no evidence for social capital effects on the occupational status of the job among our population. Keywords: Social capital, Network resources, Inequalities, Labour market entry

Keywords: Social capital, Network resources, Inequalities, Labour market entry

مقدمه مقاله

Since the outbreak of the economic crisis in Europe, youthunemployment has soared seriously. According to Eurostat statis-tics (2012), youth unemployment in the European Union was21.4% in 2011. Especially lower educated and immigrant youngstersexperience difficulties during their labour market entry (Breen andGoldthorpe, 1997; Craig et al., 2005). Moreover, taking a bad starton the labour market has persisting consequences for the furthercareer (Scherer, 2005; Steijn et al., 2006). Getting insight into thefactors facilitating or hindering the important life course is, thus, ofgreat importance.This critical ‘turning point’ in life happens, of course, not in asocial vacuum. Many people are advantaged during their job searchby their social networks (Granovetter, 1995; Lin, 2001). The assis-tance of social network members can be considered as social capitalin its instrumental tradition, in which it is defined as the resources


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