عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:

Factors affecting OHS practices in private universities: An empirical study from Bangladesh

ترجمه عنوان مقاله: عوامل موثر بر رویه‌های OHS در دانشگاه‌های آزاد: مطالعه موردی کشور بنگلادش

رشته: مدیریت بازرگانی

سال انتشار: 2015

تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 8 صفحه

منبع: الزویر و ساینس دایرکت

نوع فایل: pdf

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چکیده مقاله

Both production and service industries believe that occupational health and safety (OHS) practices are important for quality assurance of products/services. Unlike many other industries where production process and service receivers remain isolated, the production and consumption of university services are directly concomitant; quality of education is affected by OHS measures. An incident, due to lack of safety practices, in a university would have an adverse effect on nation’s present and future. However, although have been examined in various industries, OHS research in academic institutes is comparatively limited. More specifically, the overall OHS status of the universities in developing countries is sufficient to shock any parent; similarly, research in this domain is rare. Reducing this literature gap, the current study takes an initiative that investigates the antecedents of OHS adoption in private universities in Bangladesh. Applying quantitative research method we used PLS-based structural equation modeling (SEM). The empirical results find that regulatory pressure, top management commitment, and social factors directly and positively influence university’s intention to adopt OHS measures. Going further, top management commitment is reflected by formal policy, formal training, and encouragement. This research contributes significant knowledge to OHS literature while develop guidelines for the practitioners including government agencies, university management, and opinion leaders. We concluded with the limitation of the current study and promising a future research in this context.
Keywords: Occupational health and safety, Private university, External pressure, Management commitment

مقدمه مقاله

Quality of an organization is largely dependent on its people. In other words, the products or services offered by an organization reflect the quality of its people. A university, for instance, produce graduates. The quality of the graduates is significantly influenced by the quality of the lecturers, no doubt. But there are some supportive activities that actually contribute significantly to the production process, although indirectly; physical environment and infrastructure is one of the main – we use air-conditioned classrooms with multimedia facilities. Beyond anything, a safe school with sound infrastructure of buildings and facilities for safe work are pre-requisite for sustainable education system specifically, occupational health and safety (OHS) issues are crucial. Walton (1985) claims that safe workplace leads to better management of human resources by guaranteeing high performance. Brewer and Walker (2011) too assert that OHS in higher education has significant consequences on university quality assurance. In fact, OHS issues are now not considered as privilege anymore but are as the rights of the people of an organization (Islam and Jain, 2013).

Similarly, it has been observed that OHS demonstrates an organization’s responsibility to its employees and therefore became an integral part of corporate strategy (Montero et al., 2009). Moreover, in order to ensure most out of an organizational system managers realize that the people need to be safe, sound, and remain healthy (Zacharatos et al., 2005). Therefore, in general, it is formulated that OHS is similarly important for an organizations as well as for its employees (Walton, 1985; Whitener, 2001).

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