عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:

MEASURING POVERTY AND DEPR IVA TION IN SOUTH AFRICA

ترجمه عنوان مقاله: اندازه گیری فقر و محرومیت در آفریقای جنوبی

رشته: مدیریت

سال انتشار: 2000

تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 26 صفحه

منبع: University of Munich

نوع فایل: pdf

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چکیده مقاله

چکیده مقاله انگلیسی ISI: اندازه گیری فقر و محرومیت

This paper compares a standard expenditure-based poverty measure with a specifically created composite measure of deprivation using household survey data from South Africa. While there is a strong overall correlation between expenditures and levels of deprivation, the correlation is much weaker among the worst-off South Africans. In addition, the two measures differ considerably in the impact of race, headship, location (urban, rural), and household size on expenditure poverty versus deprivation. In general, the deprivation measure finds more Africans, rural dwellers, members of de jacfo female-headed households, and members of smaller households deprived than expenditure poor. Only the differences in the effect of household size on poverty are sensitive to assumptions about equivalence scales. As a result, the two measures diverge greatly in identifying the poorest and most deprived sections of the population, which may have considerable consequences for targeting.

مقدمه مقاله انگلیسی ISI: اندازه گیری فقر و محرومیت

Poverty reduction is seen by many policy-makers as the most important goal of development policy. Consequently, much energy has gone into generating data and developing definitions of poverty that will allow the measurement of changes in poverty over time, comparisons across space, and the identification of poor households or individuals for targeted poverty-alleviation programs. Two schools have emerged on this important measurement issue. One has defined poverty primarily in financial terms (insufficient incomes or consumption) (e.g. Ravallion and Chen, 1997; World Bank, 1990, 1997), while others have sought a more broad-based definition of poverty not solely based on financial resources.

ترجمه مقاله اندازه گیری فقر و محرومیت در آفریقای جنوبی

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